Use of NIOSH Surveillance Data for the Investigation of Trends in Occupational Exposure to Known Human Carcinogens.
Venable HL; Young RO; Sieber WK; Pedersen DH; Greife AL
Environmental Health and Engineering Proceedings, Twenty-Sixth Annual Meeting of the U.S. Public Health Service Professional Association, May 27-29, 1991, Atlanta, Georgia, 1992 Jan; :53-61
The results of two national occupational surveys conducted by NIOSH (the National Occupational Hazard Survey (NOHS) and the National Occupational Exposure Survey (NOES)) were presented and the use of such data in the study of occupational carcinogen exposure was described. The occurrence of known human carcinogenic agents in either, both, or neither of the NOHS and NOES databases was determined and occupational exposure data for these agents were analyzed for trends by standard industrial classification code and then grouped into major industrial groups. Twenty of the 47 chemicals classified as human carcinogenic agents by the National Toxicology Program were observed in both databases; six were observed only in the NOES and one only in the NOHS. Fifteen of these agents were identified in the manufacturing group. The number of carcinogenic agents increased in all major industrial groups with the exception of construction between the NOHS (1972 to 1974) and the NOES (1981 to 1983) and the estimated percent of workers potentially exposed to one or more of these chemicals also increased for all groups except construction. An overall increasing trend in the use of appropriate control measures to decrease exposure to these agents was identified.
Occupational-exposure; Exposure-levels; Carcinogens; Surveillance-programs; Health-hazards; Health-surveys; Industrial-exposures;
Environmental Health and Engineering Proceedings, Twenty-Sixth Annual Meeting of the U.S. Public Health Service Professional Association, May 27-29, 1991, Atlanta, Georgia