A strategy was developed for identifying problem areas in the dyeing and finishing portion of the textiles industry. Information on sources and extent of worker exposures could be obtained from numerous sources. The major sources for illness and injury statistics would be the SIC codes, the Bureau of Labor Statistics, and Supplementary Data System. Using available published literature, the biologic effects of chemicals and physical agents used in the textile dyeing and finishing industry would be considered. Pertinent case studies and epidemiologic data would be included. Agents to which workers were exposed would be identified and various routes of exposure would be examined, including inhalation, ocular, and dermal routes. Specific hazards found in each of the processes used in dyeing and finishing were considered for the preparatory processes, dyeing processes including printing, and finishing processes. Engineering controls used in the industry would be identified from published information, site visits, and reports from trade associations, labor unions, and NIOSH. A review would be included of standard development for all relevant physical and chemical agents.
Geomet Technologies, Inc., Gaithersburg, Maryland