Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-94-0268-2618, Standard Industries, San Antonio, Texas.
Esswein EJ; Boeniger MF
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 94-0268-2618, 1996 Dec; :1-57
In response to a request from Standard Industries (SIC-3691), San Antonio, Texas, an investigation was conducted to determine if improved engineering controls reduced employee lead (7439921) exposures. Standard Industries manufactured lead acid batteries in a 300,000 square foot facility. Approximately 150 persons were employed on site. The process was typical of such industries but the facility was not highly automated as the batteries produced were often of unique sizes. Personal breathing zone samples collected in various locations throughout the facility exceeded the OSHA 50 micrograms/cubic meter (microg/m3) criterion. The highest personal breathing zone exposures were found in the plate pasting operations, ranging from 68 to 495microg/m3. In the first assembly and pouching areas, exposures ranged from 15 to 418microg/m3 and from 31 to 77microg/m3, respectively. Lead was consistently found in wipe samples from cafeteria table tops. Hand wipe samples showed significantly increased amounts of lead from employees finishing lunch compared to wipes prior to entering the lunchroom. A consistent daily increase in saliva lead was monitored. The authors conclude that lead exposures exceeded the OSHA limit, even though engineering controls were appropriate. Work practices and housekeeping issues were identified which may have contributed to overexposures. Modifications to some engineering controls were suggested.
We take your privacy seriously. You can review and change the way we collect information below.
These cookies allow us to count visits and traffic sources so we can measure and improve the performance of our site. They help us to know which pages are the most and least popular and see how visitors move around the site. All information these cookies collect is aggregated and therefore anonymous. If you do not allow these cookies we will not know when you have visited our site, and will not be able to monitor its performance.
Cookies used to make website functionality more relevant to you. These cookies perform functions like remembering presentation options or choices and, in some cases, delivery of web content that based on self-identified area of interests.
Cookies used to track the effectiveness of CDC public health campaigns through clickthrough data.
Cookies used to enable you to share pages and content that you find interesting on CDC.gov through third party social networking and other websites. These cookies may also be used for advertising purposes by these third parties.