Work-related skin disease in the plastics industry.
Socie EM; Gromen KD; Migliozzi AA; Geidenberger CA
Am J Ind Med 1997 Jan; 31(5):545-550
Specific factors associated with the development of skin disorders in plastic industry workers were identified. One hundred twenty two workers from seven plastics manufacturing factories were administered a questionnaire regarding demographics, asthma history, rash history, protective equipment use, job description, and chemical exposure history. Disease status determinations were based on self reported data, and crude odds ratios were calculated for skin disease risk factors. Skin diseases were reported by 35 respondents, 26 of whom attributed the disease to occupational chemical exposure. The use of canned hand cleaner and detergent, or barrier creams was positively correlated with increased skin disease risk. Skin contact with formaldehyde (50000) or polyvinyl-chloride (9002862) and its precursors was also associated with an increased skin disease risk. Job longevity stratification revealed that young workers were at a higher risk of skin disease than those who had worked at their company for 10 or more years. The authors conclude that programs designed to combat work related skin disorders should concentrate on minimizing direct worker contact with noxious chemicals.
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Cooperative-Agreement; Dermatitis; Plastics-industry; Occupational-exposure; Skin-disorders; Hand-protection; Humans; Lotions; Cleaning-compounds;
Author Keywords: occupational dermatitis; rashes; resins; canned hand cleaners; work- related skin disease; formaldehyde; polyvinyl chloride
Edward M. Socie, Occupational Health Section, Ohio Department of Health, P.O. Box 118, Columbus, OH 43266-0118
American Journal of Industrial Medicine