An epidemiological study of roadway fatalities related to farm vehicles: United States, 1988 to 1993.
Gerberich-SG; Robertson-LS; Gibson-RW; Renier-C
J Occup Environ Med 1996 Nov; 38(11):1135-1140
The types of crashes and major risk factors for all motor vehicle fatalities involved in on road farm vehicle fatalities were determined in the US from 1988 to 1993. The data source was the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Fatal Accident Reporting System (FARS). A total of 698 non truck farm vehicles, with drivers, were involved in fatal crashes during the study period, and 655 occurred on rural roads. Only rural crashes of farm vehicles were compared with fatal crashes of 204,362 non farm vehicles on rural roads. In the 655 rural farm vehicle crashes, 682 people were killed, and 65% (444) were farm vehicle occupants. Among fatal farm vehicle crashes, 58% collided with a non farm vehicle. Farm vehicle drivers were older, with 43% of farm vehicle drivers being 45 years or older, compared with 35% of other drivers involved in crashes with farm vehicles, and 29% of all other drivers involved in rural, non farm vehicle crashes. Farm vehicle drivers were more likely male, had more driving while intoxicated convictions, and a lower proportion of speeding convictions compared with the other drivers. Farm vehicles were struck disproportionately in the rear, and were involved in more overturns. Rural farm vehicle crashes were greater than non farm vehicle crashes on 55 versus less than 55 mile per hour roads (81% and 73%, respectively), and on roads with non hard surfaces (25% and 6%, respectively). The authors conclude that FARS database provides an important source of information on farm vehicle roadway fatalities that is not available elsewhere, and can help design a surveillance system for accurate identification of farm related morbidity and mortality.
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Training; Humans; Occupational-accidents; Accident-statistics; Farmers; Agricultural-machinery; Agricultural-workers; Mortality-rates
Environmental Health, University of Minnesota, 1158 Mayo Memorial, Minneapolis, MN 55455
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
University of Minnesota at Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minneapolis, Minnesota