Participatory ergonomics in a red meat packing plant. Part I: evidence of long-term effectiveness.
Am Ind Hyg Assoc J 1997 Feb; 58(2):127-131
The effects of a participatory ergonomics program implemented in 1986 at a red meat packing facility on employee injury/illness rates and workers' compensation claims were analyzed. Details of the plan were described. The crude annual incidence rate of injury/illness increased more than 60% between 1988 and 1992 and decreased between 1992 and 1993. Similarly, the lost time incidence rate increased about 70% between 1988 and 1992 and decreased significantly in 1993. In 1988, 26% of the total lost or restricted days was due to restricted days compared with 60% in 1993. Although no consistent patterns in the percentage changes in severity rates were identified, a suggestion of a progressive decrease in recent years was seen. The percentage of conditions considered ergonomically related remained at about 40% between 1988 and 1993. Inflation adjusted annual workers' compensation expenses demonstrated a clear pattern of decline between 1987 and 1993. The authors conclude that ergonomics programs may alter injury/illness statistics and workers' compensation costs.
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Cooperative-Agreement; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Occupational-health-programs; Meat-packing-industry; Cumulative-trauma-disorders; Work-practices
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal
Medical College of Wisconsin