Forest Management Practices and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration Logging Standard.
Myers JR; Fosbroke DE
Proceedings, 10th central hardwood forest conference, Morgantown, West Virginia, March 5-8, 1995, general technical report NE-197. Gottschalk KW, Fosbroke SL, eds. Radnor, PA; Gottschalk 1995 Mar; :454-462
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) safety and health regulations for the logging industry, which became effective in January, 1995, were presented. Unlike the previous pulpwood standard, the OSHA logging standard covered pulpwood and sawtimber harvesting operations. The standard largely impacted those parts of the country that do not harvest large quantities of pulpwood and do not have existing state regulations for worker safety. Logging operators in the eastern hardwoods, central hardwoods, and mountain regions of the US were required for the first time to meet worker safety and health standards set by OSHA. The OSHA logging standard contained four areas: training, general requirements, equipment protective devices, and tree harvesting. Employers were required to maintain proper maintenance of tools and equipment used on the logging site, including safety devices such as skidders and yarders to protect workers. Forest managers were required to understand the standards to reduce conflicts between management objectives and logging safety requirements. Hazardous dead, broken or rotted trees or limbs must be removed from the area before felling marked trees. Forest managers were impacted by the standards concerning placement of roads or skid trails, location of landings or yards, and the logging sequence of the stand. The authors conclude that the greatest safety influences exerted by forest managers should involve the logging contract and how the stand is marked for harvesting.
Forestry-workers; Logging-workers; Forestry; Lumber-industry; Safety-practices; Safety-measures; Occupational-safety-programs
Gottschalk KW; Fosbroke SL
Proceedings, 10th central hardwood forest conference, Morgantown, West Virginia, March 5-8, 1995, general technical report NE-197