Surveillance for occupational asthma - Michigan and New Jersey, 1988- 1992.
Reilly-MJ; Rosenman-KD; Watt-FC; Schill-D; Stanbury-M; Trimbath-LS; Jajosky-RA; Musgrave-KJ; Castellan-RM; Bang-KM; Ordin-DL
MMWR Surveill Summ 1994 Jun; 43(SS-1):9-17
The results of initial 5 year projects conducted in the states of Michigan and New Jersey as part of the Sentinel Event Notification System for Occupational Risks (SENSOR) Program established by the Center for Disease Control's NIOSH were reported. A total of 535 cases of occupational asthma and related conditions was identified in these two states from 1988 through 1992. Of these cases, 328 met the SENSOR surveillance case definition for occupational asthma, 128 were classified as possible occupational asthma, 42 as reactive airways dysfunction syndrome, and 37 as occupationally aggravated asthma. The industry with the largest proportion of cases in both states was manufacturing, particularly automotive manufacturing (Michigan) and chemical and allied product manufacturing (New Jersey). The most frequently reported asthma causing agents in both states were isocyanates followed by coolant/oil mists in Michigan and by aldehydes in New Jersey. Industrial hygiene followup studies found that the airborne concentrations of the suspect agents were generally below permissible exposure limits established by the OSHA. The authors conclude that the SENSOR Program has been effective in identifying previously unrecognized causes of occupational asthma and that interventions have resulted in improved protection for workers. A need for more comprehensive control of agents such as isocyanates was identified. The next phase of the SENSOR program was described.
NIOSH-Author; Bronchial-asthma; Occupational-exposure; Epidemiology; Automotive-industry; Chemical-manufacturing-industry; Coolants; Surveillance-programs
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report: Surveillance Summaries
New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services