Tuberculosis comortality with silicosis -- United States, 1979-1991.
Althouse-RB; Bang-KM; Castellan-RM
Appl Occup Environ Hyg 1995 Dec; 10(12):1037-1041
A review was undertaken of tuberculosis comortality with silicosis in the United States (US) from 1979 to 1991. Data on mortality associated with both silicosis and tuberculosis were obtained from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) computer records on causes of death. Information was compiled for white and black males only, and included individuals with coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP). Per capita years of potential life lost (YPLL) was assessed for all cases. Tuberculosis was noted on the death certificates of 22,649 white males and 11,187 black males for the period under study. Silicosis was recorded in 4,261 males from 1979 to 1991, with tuberculosis mortality recorded in 4.2% of these cases. In CWP cases, tuberculosis mortality was recorded in 0.77%. In asbestosis cases, tuberculosis mortality was recorded in 0.53%. From this analysis the authors conclude that the comortality data of tuberculosis with silicosis in the US from 1979 to 1991 is consistent with data reported in epidemiological studies from occupational groups.
NIOSH-Author; Lung-disease; Epidemiology; Silica-dusts; Demographic-characteristics; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Coal-workers-pneumoconiosis; Respiratory-infections; Bacterial-disease; Occupational-respiratory-disease
Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene