An assessment of occupation and industry data from death certificates and hospital medical records for population-based cancer surveillance.
Swanson-GM; Schwartz-AG; Burrows-RW
Am J Publ Health 1984 May; 74(5):464-467
The potential for routine monitoring of cancer incidence by occupation and industry was investigated using data from death certificates and hospital medical records. A review was made of the 30,194 incident cancer cases diagnosed in the metropolitan Detroit area in 1980 and 1981, which were recorded by the Cancer Surveillance Section of the Michigan Cancer Foundation. A second phase of the study involved an analysis of 4,301 incident cases diagnosed in 1979 who had died during the year of diagnosis or the first year after diagnosis. Death certificate data on occupation and industry were very complete and matched well with interview data. There was a 74.3% agreement between the data recorded and direct interviews with cases for both occupation and industry. There was a 77.9% agreement for both occupation and industry with interviews with relatives of the cases. These findings, along with those of other studies, indicated that population based reporting of occupations and industry for mortality studies of cancer and other diseases is feasible and likely to produce useful information. The authors note that due to the long latency period of most cancers, usual occupation and industry are necessary pieces of information for assessment of potential risk.
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Cancer; Epidemiology; Mortality-surveys; Cancer-rates; Risk-factors; Cancer-rates
Dr. G. Marie Swanson, Director, Division of Epidemiology, Michigan Cancer Foundation, 110 E. Warren, Detroit, MI 48201
American Journal of Public Health
Michigan Cancer Foundation, Detroit, Michigan