Dimensions of functional social support and psychological symptoms.
Psychol Med 1991 Nov; 21(4):1051-1060
The capacity of the Interpersonal Support Evaluation List (ISEL) scales to measure distinct support functions was evaluated. The study subjects included 125 women who completed questionnaires during the summer following graduation from college. The questionnaires gathered data concerning demographic, social support and health information. The demographic section assessed age, marital status, parents' work, educational history, religion, and race. The social support section consisted of the ISEL, and the health section assessed psychophysiological symptoms, depressive symptoms, and self esteem. The findings indicated that the appraisal, tangible, and belonging ISEL scales were moderately correlated with each other. The ISEL scales appeared not to be multidimensional The ISEL self esteem support scale and Rosenberg's self esteem scale appear to measure the same construct. The authors note an absence of clearly separable social support dimensions reflected in the ISEL scales. They stress the importance of controlling for the confounding of the ISEL scales with preexisting depressive symptoms. The authors suggest from their findings that specific functions of support take on greater importance during major life transitions and that any one supportive behavior often serves multiple functions.
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Psychological-disorders; Coping-behavior; Attitude; Emotional-stress; Mental-stress; Psychological-factors
Dr Irvin Sam Schonfeld, EDFN, City College of New York, New York, NY 10031, USA
Psychologic Disorders; Psychological-disorders
City College of New York, New York, New York