HHE Report No. HETA-94-0245-2577, Hanover Shoe Company, Franklin, West Virginia.
Burton-NC; MacDonald-LA; Estill-CF
NIOSH 1996 May:26 pages
In response to a request from an employee, an investigation was begun into ergonomic risk factors at Hanover Shoe (SIC-3143), Franklin, West Virginia. The request expressed concern over ergonomic conditions and corresponding symptoms including wrist, back, and shoulder pain. The problems appeared to be centered in the Making-II Department, where lasts were removed and heels were attached by nailing them to the shoe. Following attachment, the heel area was trimmed and scoured, shape was given to the sole edge, and the sole edges were dyed and inked. Additional work was done on the shoes at this point as well prior to moving them forward to the Treeing Department. In 1993 there were five cases of tendinitis, two of carpel tunnel syndrome, one of tenosynovitis, and one of thoracic outlet syndrome. A questionnaire was completed by 97% of the workers in the department; 62% classified their tasks as hard, very hard, or very hard to perform. Some body discomfort over the past year was reported by 85%. Most of the jobs included risk factors such as short work cycle times, piece work rates, and non neutral postures. All jobs required pinch grips to handle the merchandise. The authors conclude that a potential health hazard for work related musculoskeletal disorders existed for workers in the Making-II Department. The authors recommend that engineering controls and process changes be used to reduce stress factors.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-94-0245-2577; Region-3; Hazard-Confirmed; Shoe-manufacturing; Ergonomics; Repetitive-work; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Assembly-line-workers; Cumulative-trauma-disorders;
Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance;
NTIS Accession No.
Hazard Evaluations and Technical Assistance Branch, NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Cincinnati, Ohio, Report No. HETA-94-0245-2577, 26 pages, 17 references