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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-94-0245-2577, Hanover Shoe Company, Franklin, West Virginia.
Burton NC; MacDonald LA; Estill CF
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 94-0245-2577, 1996 May; :1-26
In response to a request from an employee, an investigation was begun into ergonomic risk factors at Hanover Shoe (SIC-3143), Franklin, West Virginia. The request expressed concern over ergonomic conditions and corresponding symptoms including wrist, back, and shoulder pain. The problems appeared to be centered in the Making-II Department, where lasts were removed and heels were attached by nailing them to the shoe. Following attachment, the heel area was trimmed and scoured, shape was given to the sole edge, and the sole edges were dyed and inked. Additional work was done on the shoes at this point as well prior to moving them forward to the Treeing Department. In 1993 there were five cases of tendinitis, two of carpel tunnel syndrome, one of tenosynovitis, and one of thoracic outlet syndrome. A questionnaire was completed by 97% of the workers in the department; 62% classified their tasks as hard, very hard, or very hard to perform. Some body discomfort over the past year was reported by 85%. Most of the jobs included risk factors such as short work cycle times, piece work rates, and non neutral postures. All jobs required pinch grips to handle the merchandise. The authors conclude that a potential health hazard for work related musculoskeletal disorders existed for workers in the Making-II Department. The authors recommend that engineering controls and process changes be used to reduce stress factors.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-94-0245-2577; Region-3; Hazard-Confirmed; Shoe-manufacturing; Ergonomics; Repetitive-work; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Assembly-line-workers; Cumulative-trauma-disorders; Author Keywords: Mens Footwear, Except Athletic; ergonomics; work-related musculoskeletal disorders; WRMDs; postural analysis; pinch grip; carpal tunnel syndrome; tendinitis
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division