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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-95-0209-2515, Parsons Footwear, Parsons, West Virginia.
Berardinelli S Jr.; Husberg B
Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 95-0209-2515, 1995 Jul; :1-16
In response to a confidential employee request, an investigation was begun into possible hazardous working conditions at Parsons Footwear (SIC-3021), Parsons, West Virginia. Workers in the packing department reported sinus problems, headaches, sore throats, hoarseness, dizziness, nausea, lightheadedness, and stomach problems which began following the introduction of a new formulation of sock lining glue. The company manufactured shoes and employed about 170 workers, including about 50 in the packing department. Samples indicated that employee exposure to heptane (142825) ranged from 41 to 315 parts per million (ppm). Seven samples were collected from sock lining employees and three from production line workers. Exposure was highest for sock liners, with six of the seven readings having concentrations exceeding the recommended exposure limit (REL) of 85ppm. Toluene (108883) exposure ranged from 20 to 132ppm with three of the seven readings for sock liners exceeding the REL of 100ppm. Medical interviews indicated complaints pertaining mostly to the central nervous system effects which may be caused by adhesive exposure. The authors conclude that a health hazard existed for socklining employees from exposure to heptane and toluene. The authors recommend that improvements be made in ventilation, and that goggles and gloves be worn by socklining employees. An alternative would be to replace the solvent bases adhesive with a water based adhesive.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-95-0209-2515; Region-3; Hazard-Confirmed; Assembly-line-workers; Organic-solvents; Adhesives; Air-quality-monitoring; Shoe-manufacturing; Occupational-exposure; Author Keywords: rubber and plastics footwear; shoe manufacturing; adhesives; toluene; heptane; CNS effects
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: February 21, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division