Effectiveness of nicotine patches in a workplace smoking cessation program. An eleven-month follow-up study.
Mankani-SK; Garabrant-DH; Homa-DM
J Occup Environ Med 1996 Feb; 38(2):184-189
The long term efficacy of transdermal nicotine patches for smoking cessation was investigated in a workplace smoking cessation program. Study subjects were 52 male and 23 female smokers at two DuPont Company facilities who volunteered for the program. They were provided with transdermal nicotine patches at no cost, and were instructed to participate in a behavior modification program, but no on site program was conducted because subjects were unwilling to participate. Follow up interviews were conducted periodically for 11 months. Only two subjects were known not to be smoking at the end of the study; seven additional subjects were lost to follow up while still abstaining from cigarettes at 70 to 318 days. For those who completed the full treatment of 70 patches, the smoking abstinence rate was 25%, while for subjects who did not complete the full treatment, the smoking abstinence rate was 6%. The average time free of cigarettes was 73 days. Smoking abstinence was higher in males than females, and higher in those who started smoking after age 17 than those who started at a younger age. The authors conclude that nicotine transdermal patches are of limited efficacy in achieving long term smoking cessation.
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Cigarette-smoking; Occupational-health-programs; Medical-treatment; Drug-therapy; Sex-factors; Humans; Training
Industrial & Operations Engr University of Michigan 2254 G G Brown Laboratory Ann Arbor, Mich 48109
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, Ann Arbor, Michigan