Occupational injuries among agricultural workers 51 to 61 years old: a national study.
Zwerling C; Sprince NL; Wallace RB; Davis CS; Whitten PS; Heeringa SG
J Agric Saf Health 1995 Nov; 1(4):273-281
A study was conducted on risk factors for occupational injuries among American farm workers 51 to 61 years of age. Data were obtained from the Health and Retirement Study. Of the 237 subjects identified, 38% were farm operators, 23% were farm workers, and 23% were gardeners and groundskeepers. No association was seen between subcategories of occupations or industry and occupational injury. The adjusted injury rate of 13.9/100 agricultural workers per year for this group of workers was more than 1.5 times the rate for other workers. Compared with nonagricultural workers, these agricultural workers had decreased odds ratios for the risk of occupational injury for males compared with females, hearing impaired workers compared with nonimpaired workers, and workers with jobs requiring physical activities or stooping and kneeling compared with those whose job did not require such activities. The odds ratio for risk of occupational injury was higher among these agricultural workers compared with other workers for self employment. Similar results were seen with multivariate modeling which indicated that self employment was a risk factor for injury among these agricultural workers and that poor hearing and jobs requiring good vision were protective from injury, in contrast to results seen among other workers. Sex, a job requiring heavy lifting, a job requiring good vision, and a history of alcohol abuse were considered potential risk factors. Other factors associated with risk of injury among older agricultural workers included depressive symptoms, and dissatisfaction with marriage, job, family, the way problems are handled, and life overall.
Traumatic-injuries; Risk-factors; Agricultural-workers; Age-factors; Occupational-accidents; Occupational-hazards; Hearing-impairment; Farmers; Manual-lifting;
Author Keywords: Occupational injury; Farmers; Survey; Self-employment; Impaired vision; Impaired hearing; Heavy lifting; Agricultural workers
Prev Med & Environmental Hlth University of Iowa 100 Oakdale Campus, 124 Amrf Iowa City, IA 52242-5000
Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa