Comparison between perceptions of farm hazards and injury records in Iowa.
Schwab-CV; Ralston-AR; Miller-LJ; Hanna-HM
J Agric Saf Health 1995 Nov; 1(4):241-248
A study was conducted on the relationship between the perception of potential hazards by farm operators and extension educators and actual injury and fatality data. Farm operators in Iowa were surveyed by telephone and extension educators responded to a questionnaire. Survey responses and injury data were grouped into one of eight hazard categories. Extension educators, farm operators and injury records identified machinery and equipment as the top hazards. Responses between the groups differed for the rankings of the other seven categories. Analysis using the Spearman's Coefficient of Rank Correlation demonstrated no significant difference between farm operators and extension educators in statewide rankings and large differences between these two groups and actual injury data. The largest number of injuries recorded in Iowa resulted from machinery and equipment followed by animals and farmstead hazards. Analysis by geographical regions within the state revealed several statistically similar perceptions of risks between educators and farm operators but no relationship between educators' and operators' risk perceptions and actual injury records. Each of the seven regions had similar risk category rankings. The application of such findings to the promotion of safety education and behavioral changes to reduce risks was discussed.
NIOSH-Cooperative-Agreement; Farmers; Agricultural-workers; Attitude; Accident-rates; Accident-statistics; Occupational-accidents; Occupational-hazards; Accident-prevention;
Author Keywords: Safety; Extension program; Survey; Prevention
Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health