Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-95-0160-2571, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Environmental Health.
NIOSH 1996 Apr; :1-48
In response to a request from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Environmental Health, the presence of Stachybotrys-atra fungi and associated mycotoxins was assessed in 42 homes in the Cleveland, Ohio area to support an investigation of acute pulmonary hemorrhage (hemosiderosis) among infants in this area. Air, bulk, and surface samples were obtained from homes with cases of hemosiderosis and homes without such cases. Mean levels of total fungi were higher in homes with hemosiderosis cases compared to homes without such cases. Homes without hemosiderosis cases had higher levels of Aspergillus and Cladosporium fungi compared with homes with cases. In contrast, S-atra fungi were much more abundant in homes with cases of hemosiderosis. The mean concentration of S- atra in surface samples was significantly higher in homes with cases compared with those without. The authors conclude that homes with infants with hemosiderosis had higher concentrations of total fungi and S-atra than homes without.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-95-0160-2571; Hazard-Confirmed; Region-4; Region-5; Fungal-diseases; Environmental-contamination; Lung-disease;
Author Keywords: Fungi; Mycotoxins; Stachybotrys atra; Acute Pulmonary Hemorrhage
Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance; Field Studies
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health