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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-94-0413-2560, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Protection and Quarantine, Fayetteville, North Carolina.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 94-0413-2560, 1996 Feb; :1-12
In response to a request from the Director of the Department of Agriculture (SIC-9199) witchweed eradication program, worker exposures to paraquat (1910425) during spray applications were investigated. Breathing zone air samples collected during eight paraquat applications using various application techniques were evaluated for both total and respirable paraquat. Paraquat was not detected in any of the breathing zone samples during application. The authors conclude that there was essentially no risk for inhalation exposure of applicators to paraquat during witchweed eradication activities and that wearing a respirator during these activities is unnecessary and may serve only to contribute to the heat stress burden of the applicator. A potential existed for eye and skin exposure during mixing, loading, maintenance activities, and knapsack applications. The authors recommend that precautions be taken during these activities.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-94-0413-2560; Hazard-Unconfirmed; Region-4; Pesticides; Occupational-exposure; Personal-protective-equipment; Agricultural-workers; Exposure-levels; Author Keywords: general government; agriculture; Gramoxone; herbicide; pesticide; paraquat dichloride; 1,1'-dimethyl-4,4'-bipyridinium dichloride; respirators; witchweed
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division