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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-93-1121-2530, The State of North Dakota Department of Health and Consolidated Laboratories, Bismark, North Dakota.

Krake AM; Connon CL; Gomez TM
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 93-1121-2530, 1995 Sep; :1-25
In response to a request from the North Dakota State Department of Health and Consolidated Laboratories, Division of Disease Control the potential occupational transmission of anthrax among livestock workers during an anthrax outbreak was investigated. Medical evaluations of farmers from livestock farms (SIC-0291) with anthrax outbreaks and from neighboring farms were conducted and environmental evaluations examining work practices, farm conditions, and soil, water, bedding and feed contamination were performed. No confirmed cases of human anthrax infection were documented; however, ten potentially exposed individuals received antibiotic treatment. Two of four soil samples cultured positive for Bacillus-anthracis as did one mixed sample of used bedding and soil. The farmers reported inconsistent hazard control procedures and a lack of knowledge about safe handling of potentially hazardous infected animals and carcasses. The authors recommend that improvements be made in the education of livestock producers regarding the potential for anthrax infection and in treatment and handling of potentially infected livestock, soil, and contaminated personal protective equipment.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-93-1121-2530; Hazard-Confirmed; Region-8; Cattle; Livestock-industry; Infectious-diseases; Disease-control; Disease-transmission; Bacterial-disease; Animal-husbandry; Veterinary-medicine; Author Keywords: Agricultural production-general farms, primarily livestock and animal specialties; anthrax; zoonoses; epizootic; B. anthracis; farmer; producer; veterinarian; livestock; beef; dairy; swine; flooding; agriculture
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Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
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National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division