NIOSH has made a commitment to use intervention research to determine if controls, standards, health care and surveillance measures have actually prevented safety and health problems. Intramural and extramural support for research on control technology, intervention and health services, will increase, as will support for work organization research and surveillance. Intervention research will assess whether administrative, behavior and engineering controls, produce the expected reduction in adverse safety outcomes. The research will also examine the effectiveness of safety standards, the quality and availability of medical care, the effectiveness of efforts to communicate health and safety information and the need for injury and disease surveillance in the workplace. Incorporation of more intervention research into NIOSH activities must be built on past successes in control technology, through which exposures to occupational hazards have been reduced at their sources. NIOSH should disseminate information on interventions that are found to be successful, so that they can be applied in other industries and it should announce intervention failures. NIOSH has previously established surveillance programs that should be used in evaluating intervention implementation and results. These included the Sentinel Event Notification for Occupational Risks and Adult Blood Lead Epidemiology and Surveillance program. NIOSH is also developing means to systematically evaluate health hazard evaluations. The author concludes that NIOSH research has significantly contributed to prevention of occupational death, injury and disease. More aggressive use of intervention research can more comprehensively track the effectiveness of safety interventions promulgated both by NIOSH and other organizations.
NIOSH-Author; Health-engineering; Industrial-health-programs; Occupational-health; Occupational-safety-programs; Safety-education; Safety-engineering; Safety-research;
Author Keywords: National lnstitute for Occupational Safety and Health; NIOSH; intervention research; control technology; occupational health; disease prevention