Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-95-0024-2518, U.S. Marshals Service, Miami, Florida.
Seitz TA; Boudreau Y
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 95-0024-2518, 1995 Aug; :1-20
In response to a request from management, an investigation was begun into possible hazardous working conditions at the United States Marshals Service (SIC-9221) (USMS), Miami, Florida. Specific concerns were voiced regarding the 11 positive tuberculin skin test (TST) reactions among USMS staff occurring from January to April of 1994. Federal prisoners were taken from federal institutions and contract facilities by USMS and escorted by bus to the USMS facility where they were held for up to 8 hours a day, being taken to and from the court room for appearances and later transported back to their holding facilities or prison. USMS staff also accompanied prisoners after sentencing to their prisons or to medical facilities when they were ill. Of 63 USMS workers with direct contact with prisoners, 46 received a TST between May of 1993 and February of 1995. A positive response was obtained in seven of these workers; none had a documented prior nonreactive TST. Three reported contact with a TST positive prisoner during his stay at the facility. Deficiencies were noted in the amount of outdoor air delivered to the facility through the current ventilation system. The authors conclude that the available data are not sufficient to assess the prevalence of tuberculosis infection or tuberculosis transmission in this group. The authors recommend that improvements be made in the TST surveillance program and in the environmental air quality at the worksite.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-95-0024-2518; Hazard-Unconfirmed; Region-4; Air-quality-monitoring; Infectious-diseases; Ventilation-systems; Disease-transmission; Correctional-facilities; Prison-workers; Bacterial-infections;
Author Keywords: Police Protection; Mycobacterium tuberculosis; tuberculosis; TB; tuberculin skin test; TST; correctional facility; prisoners; indoor environmental quality; IEQ; ventilation
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health