Lessons from the National Occupational Safety and Health program in agriculture and possible future directions.
Sixth US-Finnish Joint Symposium on Occupational Health and Safety, People and Work, Proceedings of the Sixth FIOH-NIOSH Joint Symposium on Occupational Health and Safety, 8-10 August 1995, Espoo, Finland. People and Work - Research Reports 3. H. Nordman, J. Starck, A. Tossavainen, E. Viikari-Juntura, eds. Helsinki, Finland: Finnish Institute of Occupational Health; 1995 Aug; :71-74
A program developed by NIOSH to reduce the occurrence of work related injuries and diseases in United States (US) farmers (NIOSH agricultural program) was discussed. The program was developed in response to a congressional mandate in 1990 and consisted of surveillance, research, and intervention programs. The surveillance and research activities were primarily focused in six areas: acute traumatic injuries, occupational lung diseases, neurotoxic and potentially carcinogenic pesticide exposures, noise induced hearing loss, musculoskeletal disorders, and stress related disorders including depression and suicide. Specific surveillance activities have been directed primarily at traumatic injuries, occupational lung diseases, and pesticide exposures. These have included conducting surveys of farm families in six states that focused on problems unique to these areas and developing a surveillance program for monitoring the occurrence of nonfatal farming injuries. The nonfatal injury surveillance program, known as the Traumatic Injury Surveillance of Farms Survey, will be conducted in all states over a 3 year period. It will allow the development of national and regional estimates for injuries, loss of or restricted worktime, and hours of exposure in US agriculture. Research activities related to the NIOSH agricultural program are intramural and extramural in nature. The extramural programs involve cooperative agreements with six academic centers in the US. These programs are focusing on respiratory hazards and exposure to pesticides and other chemical agents and include both laboratory and field studies.
Surveillance-programs; Agricultural-workers; Occupational-hazards; Traumatic-injuries; Agricultural-chemicals; Risk-analysis; Respiratory-system-disorders; Epidemiology; Occupational-safety-programs
Nordman-H; Starck-J; Tossavainen-A; Viikari-Juntura-E
Sixth US-Finnish Joint Symposium on Occupational Health and Safety, People and Work, Proceedings of the Sixth FIOH-NIOSH Joint Symposium on Occupational Health and Safety, 8-10 August 1995, Espoo, Finland. People and Work - Research Reports 3