Historical assessment and future directions in the prevention of occupational hearing loss.
Occup Med: State of the Art Rev 1995 Jul; 10(3):669-681
The history and future of the assessment and control of occupationally related hearing loss were explored. A review of regulatory actions by the United States in the control of occupational noise exposure was presented. OSHA has currently issued a noise exposure limit of 90 decibels-A for an 8 hour time weighted average exposure. This standard has not been applied to transportation, oil or gas drilling and servicing, agriculture, construction, or mining workers and the Department of Defense has adopted its own stricter limits based on NIOSH recommendations. Occupational health issues stemming from the millions of currently unprotected workers were examined. An effort has been undertaken by the NIOSH to provide access of individual workers to health programs designed to prevent occupational hearing loss to cover such undeserved populations. Progress in the design and implementation of hearing conservation programs and noise exposure assessments, the use of hearing protection devices, worker training and motivation, and in assessing the quality of hearing loss prevention programs was described. Future efforts directed toward 100% prevention of occupational as well as recreational hearing loss were presented.
NIOSH-Author; Hearing-disorders; Hearing-loss; Regulations; Hearing-impairment; Noise-induced-hearing-loss; Occupational-exposure; Noise-protection
Occupational Medicine: State of the Art Reviews. Occupational Hearing Loss