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Nonfibrous inorganic dusts.
Short S; Petsonk EL
Occupational and environmental respiratory disease. Harber P, Schenker MB, Balmes JR, eds. St. Louis, MO: Mosby, 1995 Jul; :345-361
A review of reported health effects of nonfibrous inorganic dust exposures was presented. Chemical composition, mining techniques and industrial and commercial uses were provided for most compounds. Three classes based on mineralogy were used: silicates, metals, and sedimentary compounds. Silicates and their health effects were described. Respiratory system disorders arising from exposure to various silicates included pneumoconiosis, dyspnea, fibrosis, radiographic chest opacities, and silicosis. Toxicity could also be related to silica contamination and particle size. Metals and their health effects were described. Iron (7439896) was associated with radiographic opacities. Barium (7440393) was associated with various disorders. Antimony (7440360) exposure was most commonly associated with chronic cough. Tin (7440315) was associated with benign pneumoconiosis. Chromite (1308312) was reported to be a carcinogen. Sedimentary compounds were discussed. Various pathologic lung changes were associated with oil-shale. Other health effects from various sedimentary compounds included radiographic opacities, pneumoconiosis, and various lung radiographic changes.
Mining-industry; Nonmetallic-minerals; Lung-fibrosis; Inorganic-compounds; Respirable-dust; Dust-exposure; Radiographic-analysis; Lung-disorders; Metal-dusts
7439-89-6; 7440-39-3; 7440-36-0; 7440-31-5; 1308-31-2
Harber P; Schenker MB; Balmes JR
Occupational and environmental respiratory disease
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division