Sources of Data and Information on Stress-Related Disorders among Agricultural Workers.
NIOSH 1992 Sep:105 pages
This review examined previous research into stress related conditions found among workers in the agricultural field. The findings indicated that only certain types of agricultural workers, those who work on small holdings, appear to experience lower rates of cardiovascular mortality. Significantly lower circulatory system disease rates can be found across age ranges. Significant effects from farm size on all cardiovascular disease deaths have been noted independent of the age of the victim, type of farm or geographic location. One study examined suicide and determined that suicide occurs among white full time male farmers at a rate that was 70% higher than the average rate for similarly aged, white male adults. Rates for farm laborers and farm homemakers were lower. A large scale, multisite community survey was undertaken in the early 1980s and determined that depression, other affective disorders, and anxiety disorders were significantly lower in rural than urban populations. Alcohol abuse and dependence and cognitive deficit were more prevalent in rural areas. Within the last decade, a small group of investigators began new research into the causal factors and processes of stress related disorders. Several areas were cited where additional research was needed. Appendices provided information on data sources, and grants on rural mental health.
Agricultural-industry; Farmers; Job-stress; Physical-stress; Mental-stress; Emotional-stress; Agricultural-workers; Psychological-factors; Risk-factors; Epidemiology; Cardiovascular-system-disorders;
NTIS Accession No.
Division of Biomedical and Behavioral Science, NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Cincinnati, Ohio, 105 pages, 98 references