NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-94-0425-2513, Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation, Savannah, Georgia.

Fatone P
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 94-0425-2513, 1995 Jul; :1-63
In response to a request from management, an evaluation was conducted of pneumatic hand held power tools for hand/arm vibration at Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation, (SIC-3721), Savannah, Georgia. This company designed and manufactured private jet airplanes. Nearly 1,000 workers were assigned to manufacturing and assembly operations. Almost all use pneumatic hand held power tools at some point during a typical work day. Vibration measurements were taken on 30 tools that were used throughout the facility. The vibration of 19 tools exceeded all exposure time zones recommended. The vibration levels of the remaining 11 tools fell into one of the suggested time zones, ranging from one half hour to 8 hours of daily exposure. Of the ten tools marketed as either ergonomic or vibration reduced, nine possessed lower vibration levels than their conventional counterparts. The author concludes that for those workers using tools which exceeded the hand/arm vibration limits, there was a potential health hazard. Continued use of these tools without intervention may cause the workers to develop hand/arm vibration syndrome. The author recommends that conventional pneumatic tools should be replaced with vibration reduced tools, and vibration levels should be monitored for new and old tools. The company should institute a medical monitoring program, and workers should be given breaks from vibration exposures.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-94-0425-2513; Region-4; Hazard-Confirmed; Hand-tools; Power-tools; Aerospace-workers; Assembly-line-workers; Vibration-exposure; Author Keywords: Aircraft; hand-arm vibration; HAV; acceleration; hand-arm vibration syndrome; pneumatic tools; ergonomics
Publication Date
Document Type
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
NIOSH Division
SIC Code
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division