NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-94-0040-2496, A E Goetze, Lake City, Minnesota.

McGlothlin JD; Hoekstra E; O'Brien DM; Baron SL; Moran AJ
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 94-0040-2496, 1995 Mar; :1-40
In response to a request from management, an ergonomic assessment was conducted at A E Goetze (SIC-3592), Lake City, Minnesota. The facility manufactured piston sleeves and pistons. The evaluation focused on 83 piston sleeve machine shop workers, 155 piston machine shop workers, and 45 aluminum foundry molders. The physical work load was assessed using a questionnaire. Job analysis of the three groups of workers showed potential risk for musculoskeletal injury. The piston sleeve machinists and piston machinists were at risk for back injury due to a combination of repetitive and sometimes awkward postures needed to manually handle their product during machining. The piston sleeve machinists were at greater risk for back injury as the parts they handled were heavier. The aluminum foundry molders were at risk for back injuries and hand and wrist disease due to a combination of awkward posture and static loading while pouring molten aluminum into molds. The authors conclude that a potential exists for overexertion injuries to the back, and cumulative trauma disorders of the hand and wrist. The authors recommend that specific measures be taken to reduce the risk for musculoskeletal injury and disease. Guidelines for establishing an ergonomics program were provided.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-94-0040-2496; Region-5; Hazard-Confirmed; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Back-injuries; Risk-factors; Epidemiology; Workplace-studies; Repetitive-work; Cumulative-trauma-disorders; Author Keywords: Piston Sleeve, and Piston Manufacturing; Musculoskeletal Disorders; Manual Materials Handling; Cumulative Trauma Disorders; Metal Milling; Pistons; Ergonomics; Workstation Design; Engineering Controls
Publication Date
Document Type
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
NIOSH Division
SIC Code
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division