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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-94-0020-2483, A K Steel Coke Works, Ashland, Kentucky.
Kiefer M; Malkin R; Kinnes G; Decker J; Lushniak B; Ragab M
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 94-0020-2483, 1995 Mar; :1-36
In response to an employee request, an investigation was begun into possible hazardous working conditions at A K Steel Coke Works (SIC- 3312), Ashland, Kentucky. Employees were concerned about exposure to contaminants during collection and blending of coal-tar sludge with coal. The facility employed 400 workers and produced about 1,000,000 tons of coke annually at full capacity. A questionnaire was administered and measurements were taken of 1-hydroxypyrene (5315797) (1-HP), as an indicator of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure. Samples were taken from 18 of 22 workers in the coal handling area. Testing revealed exposures to coal-tar-pitch volatiles, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, and potentially benzene (71432), which exceeded the recommended exposure levels during the processing of coal-tar sludge. Improper use of personal protective equipment was also noted. Urine 1-HP levels indicated excessive exposures to pyrene (129000). The authors conclude that a health hazard existed due to exposure to contaminants. There was a potential for skin contact with coal-tar sludge. The authors recommend specific measures to reduce the hazardous exposures to the workers at this site.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-94-0020-2483; Region-4; Hazard-Confirmed; Coke-oven-workers; Polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons; Occupational-exposure; Hydrocarbons; Biological-monitoring; Author Keywords: Steel Works, Blast Furnaces (Including Coke Ovens), and Rolling Mills; Benzene; coal tar pitch volatiles; polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons; coal dust; silica; 1-hydroxy pyrene; byproducts coke ovens; dermatitis
5315-79-7; 71-43-2; 129-00-0
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division