Pooled reanalysis of cancer mortality among five cohorts of workers in wood-related industries.
Demers-PA; Boffetta-P; Kogevinas-M; Blair-A; Miller-BA; Robinson-CF; Roscoe-RJ; Winter-PD; Colin-D; Matos-E; Vainio-H
Scand J Work, Environ & Health 1995 Jun; 21(3):179-190
The cancer risk associated with occupational exposure to wood dust was assessed by a reanalysis of pooled data from five studies. Data obtained from studies of British furniture workers, United States furniture worker union members, wood model workers, and two cohorts of plywood workers were reanalyzed using a classification scheme incorporating exposure information on wood dust. Altogether, there were 28,704 persons in the combined cohort; there were 7,665 deaths among these workers. Compared with the general population, the overall mortality of the combined cohort was significantly decreased. Significant excesses were seen in the cohort for sinonasal and nasopharyngeal cancers. The relative risks for both nasopharyngeal and sinonasal cancers were increased among subjects with the highest probability of wood dust exposure. In addition, an increase in the risk of multiple myeloma with the probability of exposure to wood dust was identified. The authors conclude that occupational exposure to wood dust appears to be associated with excess risks of nasopharyngeal cancer and multiple myeloma, in addition to sinonasal cancer.
NIOSH-Author; Occupational-exposure; Furniture-workers; Wood-dusts; Woodworking-industry; Cancer-rates; Epidemiology; Nasal-cancer
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health