Occupational cancer surveillance: new approaches.
Cancer Center, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 1995 Jan:25 pages
The Occupational Cancer Incidence Surveillance Study, a case/referent study on occupational risk factors for cancer, was conducted in the tricounty Detroit metropolitan area in Michigan. Subjects include black and white men and women. Telephone interviews were conducted with 15,302 adult cancer patients diagnosed with cancer at any of 11 sites (colon, rectum, urinary bladder, lung, liver, cutaneous melanoma, mesothelioma, esophagus, salivary glands, stomach, or eye). Information was obtained on work history, tobacco use, adult health, and demographics. The findings demonstrated that occupational cancer epidemiologic investigations must evaluate the risks of women separately from those of men and must evaluate these risks for diverse racial and ethnic populations. The results also clearly showed the need to incorporate tobacco use histories into studies of the occupational etiology of cancer. There were some new findings regarding occupations and industries in which workers are at higher risk for each of the 11 cancers studied. Blacks were shown to often be at higher risk than whites working in the same jobs. Risk profiles for men and women were different in similar jobs as well. The author concludes that the study clearly demonstrated the utility of the telephone for conducting large numbers of interviews for a population based study.
NIOSH-Grant; Cancer; Cancer-rates; Epidemiology; Sex-factors; Racial-factors; Cigarette-smoking;
Epdiemiology Michigan Cancer Foundation 110 East Warren Avenue Detroit, Mich 48201
Final Grant Report;
NTIS Accession No.
Cancer Center, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan
Michigan Cancer Foundation, Detroit, Michigan