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Development of a work safety scale.
Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, R43-OH-03099, 1994 Oct; :1-49
The Work Safety Scale (WSS), a questionnaire intended to assess the attitude of employees toward workplace safety, was developed and validated. Five perceptions of safety were examined: job safety, coworker safety, supervisor safety, management safety practices, and satisfaction with the safety program. The study subjects included 787 subjects from a wide range of occupations. A preliminary version of the WSS containing 124 items was administered to the subjects. The final WSS included 50 items, ten for each subscale. The WSS was then administered to a sample of 879 persons; other measures included in the survey provided information on self reported accident rates, health indices, job satisfaction, job stress, and compliance with safety behaviors. The results indicated that people who indicated their jobs were safer reported experiencing fewer accidents on the job, higher levels of job satisfaction, better health, lower levels of job stress, and reported greater compliance with safety behaviors compared to people who reported having a less safe work environment. The best predictors of accident rates were management safety and job safety. The best predictors of compliance with safety behaviors was supervisor safety and coworker safety. The author concludes that the 50 item WSS is a reliable and valid measure of perceptions of workplace safety.
NIOSH-Grant; Traumatic-injuries; Attitude; Safety-measures; Job-stress; Accident-prevention; Safety-practices; Accident-rates
Med Consultants Northwest Inc 901 Boren Ave Seattle, WA 98104-3512
Final Grant Report
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Medical Consultants Northwest, Inc., Seattle, Washington
Page last reviewed: May 5, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division