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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-92-0415-2502, Eveready Battery Company, Marietta, Ohio.
Kawamoto MM; Hanley K; Burr G
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 92-0415-2502, 1995 Apr; :1-17
In response to a request from the Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers Union, Local 3-639, an evaluation was conducted of possible hazardous working conditions at the Eveready Battery Company (SIC- 3313), Marietta, Ohio. Employees had expressed concern about exposure to sulfuric-acid (7664939) mists in the electrolytic cell room and leach area, and a possible association with cancer of the esophagus. Three former employees were reported to have died of cancer of the esophagus. At the facility, manganese ore was electrolytically purified to produce high grade manganese-dioxide powder. Sulfuric-acid was detected in 12 of 18 air samples taken in concentrations ranging from less than 0.06 to 0.5mg/m3, all well below allowable limits. Hydrochloric-acid (7647010) was detected in one of 18 samples and only in a trace amount. Four cancer patients were identified from a list of 119 current and former employees of the company, one of which was among the three cases of esophageal cancer previously identified. The authors conclude that, even though the findings suggest a possible excess of cancers of the esophagus among employees at the site, an association with work exposures, such a sulfuric-acid mist, could not be determined.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-92-0415-2502; Region-5; Hazard-Unconfirmed; Acid-mists; Metal-refining; Occupational-exposure; Epidemiology; Cancer-rates; Gastrointestinal-system-disorders; Author Keywords: electrometallurgical products, except steel; electrolytic manganese dioxide (nonferrous metal) refining; manganese dioxide ore processing; sulfuric acid; malignant neoplasm of the esophagus; ICD-9-CM 150; adenocarcinoma of the esophagus; ICD-9-CM 151.0
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
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National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
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