This Alert summarized available information regarding work related injuries occurring among adolescents, identified work that is particularly hazardous, and offered recommendations to lower the number of such injuries. In 1992 and 1993 there were 136 identified work related deaths of adolescents under the age of 18 in the United States. The most deaths occurred in agricultural businesses and retail trade. Many of the deaths to persons under the age of 16 occurred in family owned businesses. Statistics indicated that the risk of fatal injury occurring to adolescent workers was similar to that among adults, even though the adolescents were employed less frequently in particularly hazardous jobs. Estimates were that 200,000 adolescents suffered work related injuries in 1992. The following jobs were examples of work that may be associated with motor vehicle related deaths and injuries: delivery of passengers or goods, services requiring routine travel to provide home based service, residential trash pickup, road maintenance, work at road construction sites, and work at gas stations, truck stops and auto repair shops. Machine related deaths were the second leading cause of work related injury deaths for 16 and 17 year old workers. Other risks included working near electrical hazards, working with fall hazards, cooking and working around cooking appliances, and hazardous manual lifting. OSHA regulations, Federal Child Labor Laws and State Child Labor Laws were briefly reviewed. Recommendations were offered both for employers, for parents of adolescent workers, for adolescents themselves, and for educators.
NIOSH Alert, NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Cincinnati, Ohio, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 95-125, 12 pages, 18 references