Summary of studies on the effectiveness of ergonomic interventions.
Grant-K; Habes-D; Schneider-S
Appl Occup Environ Hyg 1995 Jun; 10(6):523-530
A summary of studies on the effectiveness of ergonomic interventions prepared by the NIOSH in support of a proposed ergonomics standard being submitted to the OSHA was presented. The summary, presented in the form of two tables, described studies conducted between 1971 and 1994 which demonstrated the effectiveness of engineering controls for reducing exposure to ergonomic risk factors and the effectiveness of various control strategies for reducing musculoskeletal injuries and discomfort. A table describing the effectiveness of engineering controls for reducing exposure to ergonomic risk factors presented data on the target population of the intervention, the problem or risk factor being evaluated, control measures used, and the outcome of the intervention. The table describing the effectiveness of various control strategies for reducing musculoskeletal injuries and discomfort presented data on the industry studied, the study group, the intervention method used, a brief summary of the results of the intervention, and additional comments about the study. Only one of the 51 studies did not demonstrate a positive outcome following the ergonomic intervention and one study reported varied results.
NIOSH-Author; Risk-factors; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Traumatic-injuries; Worker-health; Occupational-health-programs; Safety-programs; Control-methods
Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene