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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-90-0277-2487, Johnson Controls, Greenfield, Ohio.
Hanley K; Trout D; Burt S; Mouradian R
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 90-0277-2487, 1995 Feb; :1-20
In response to a request from the United Auto Workers, an investigation was begun into reports of halovision in workers exposed to amine catalysts at Johnson Controls (SIC-2531), Greenfield, Ohio. The facility produced foam seats for automobiles and light trucks. Workers had complained of experiencing halovision and other visual disturbances in areas near the foam crushers and during hot weather. Organic amines previously reported to be associated with halovision were qualitatively identified near the foam crushers and in the warehouse and packing area. At least 75% of the workers responding to a questionnaire had experienced halovision or other visual disturbances while working in this facility. These disturbances occurred more often during the summer. A trend of increasing visual effects with increasing exposure to amines was reported. The questionnaire distributed at the site revealed that in excess of 30% of the respondents reported experiencing respiratory symptoms often associated with isocyanate exposure. The authors conclude that it is likely that vision changes reported at this facility are related to workplace amine exposures. The authors recommend that efforts be made to reduce exposures to amine and isocyanates.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-90-0277-2487; Hazard-Confirmed; Region-5; Respiratory-system-disorders; Organic-vapors; Vision-disorders; Occupational-exposure; Automotive-industry; Author Keywords: Seats: Automobile; polyurethane foam; organic amines; diethanol amine; triethylene diamine; DABCO; bis(2-dimethylaminoethyl) ether; NIAX A99; triethyl urea; halovision; visual disturbance; diisocyanates; TDI; asthma
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National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
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