NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search
Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-90-0329-2482, New York City Department of Sanitation, New York, New York.
Kinnes GM; Hanley KW; Krake AM
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 90-0329-2482, 1995 Jan; :1-54
In response to a joint request from the New York City Department of Sanitation and the American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees, an investigation was begun into possible exposures to polychlorinated dibenzodioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) at three waste incineration sites of the New York City Department of Sanitation (SIC-4953), New York City, New York. Six area air samples and five bulk fly ash samples were collected. Greater amounts of PCDDs/PCDFs were present on the fly ash particulates collected from the electrostatic precipitator (ESP). A total of eight personal breathing zone and nine area samples were collected for metals during cleanout operations. Levels approached or exceeded the established criteria for arsenic (7440382), cadmium (7440439), lead (7439921), and nickel (7440020). For respirable dust/silica (14808607), the highest sample concentration occurred during ESP cleanout. The NIOSH recommended exposure limit for respirable quartz of 0.05mg/m3 was exceeded in one sample. The authors conclude that a health hazard existed during cleanout operations. The authors recommend that measures be taken to reduce exposures, including providing more effective respiratory protection, instruction on confined space entry, medical surveillance programs, and the prohibition of tobacco smoking in exposure locations.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-90-0329-2482; Hazard-Confirmed; Region-2; Air-sampling; Chlorinated-hydrocarbons; Combustion-products; Fly-ash; Dioxins; Dust-exposure; Occupational-exposure; Waste-disposal; Author Keywords: Refuse Systems; fly ash; municipal incinerators; maintenance cleaning; metals; silica; aluminum; lead; cadmium; chromium; nickel; arsenic; cobalt; manganese; respirable dust; polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins; polychlorinated dibenzofurans
7440-38-2; 7440-43-9; 7439-92-1; 7440-02-0; 14808-60-7
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division