Excessive Proportion of Disabilities among Airline Pilots and Navigators due to Cardiovascular Diseases: A Surveillance Lead.
NIOSH 1984 Sep:7 pages
The incidence of cardiovascular disability in white, male airline pilots and navigators was compared to that of the general white male population of the United States. Data for the study were taken from the Social Security Administration disabled worker file for 1975 and 1976. Of the 293 disability allowances made to airline pilots, 185 (63%) were for cardiovascular disability. This compared to 31% among the general white male population. In pilots and navigators, proportional morbidity ratios (PMRs) for heart and hypertensive disease, and for ischemic heart disease were 1.99 and 2.28, respectively. The authors suggest that this finding supports the theory that airline pilots have jobs which have high stress levels, resulting in high cardiovascular disability incidence. Other possible causes of the high PMRs were discussed, including nonoccupational factors associated with pilots and navigators, low levels of noncardiovascular disorders in this group, and early diagnosis because of frequent physical examinations.
NIOSH-Author; Aircrews; Job-stress; Mental-stress; Cardiovascular-system-disorders; Attitude; Epidemiology; Risk-factors; Air-transportation;
NTIS Accession No.
Illness Effect Section, Surveillance Branch, NIOSH, Cincinnati, Ohio, 7 pages, 13 references