Recent Dust Explosion Experiences in the U.S. Grain Industry.
Industrial Dust Explosions. Symposium on Industrial Dust Explosions, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, June 10-13, 1986 1987 Oct:243-264
The recent history of dust explosions in the US grain industry was reviewed. The need for thoroughly investigating dust explosions was indicated by the occurrence of five explosions in grain elevators in December 1977 which killed 59 persons, injured 48, and destroyed 2.5% of the export grain elevators in the US. These incidents had occurred despite 75 years of dust explosion research conducted by the Bureau of Mines. The studies indicated that five elements were needed for a dust explosion: accumulation of fuel (grain), the presence of an oxidizer and ignition source, availability of a mechanism for mixing the dust with air, and confinement. The history of agricultural dust explosions in the US was discussed. Data on agricultural dust explosions were presented in tabular form. Case summaries of 14 accidents that were investigated by the US National Academy of Sciences were presented. Accident statistics indicated that the frequency of dust explosions and their severity have not been decreased by the knowledge of why such explosions occur and how to prevent them.
NIOSH-Grant; Traumatic-injuries; Dust-explosions; Grain-dusts; Accident-analysis; Industrial-safety; Grain-elevators; Accident-statistics; Explosive-hazards; Ignition-sources; Risk-factors;
Aerospace Engineering University of Michigan Dept of Aerospace Engineering Ann Arbor, Mich 48109
Traumatic Injuries; Disease and Injury;
Industrial Dust Explosions. Symposium on Industrial Dust Explosions, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, June 10-13, 1986
University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, Ann Arbor, Michigan