Attitudes and clothing practices of pesticide applicators.
Protective Clothing Systems and Materials. Raheel M, ed., New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc., 1994 Jan; :79-96
Attitudes of pesticide applicators toward the use of protective clothing were discussed. Improving protective clothing available for pesticide applicators and their attitudes and practices toward use of the clothing is but one of several approaches that have been taken to reduce applicator pesticide exposures. Other approaches have involved trying to develop pest resistant varieties of common crops and developing closed systems for the pesticides and closed environments for the applicators. Studies have shown that many applicators in the United States and Canada have and continue to use unsafe practices such as spraying pesticides while wearing ordinary clothing, washing pesticide contaminated clothing with regular laundry, and stirring pesticide treated grain manually instead of with mechanical devices. Efforts to reduce the occurrence of unsafe use of pesticides and inappropriate or nonuse of protective clothing have focused on modifying behavior by educational programs and improving the attitudes of applicators towards pesticides. Evaluating the effectiveness of educational programs for pesticide applicators was discussed. Government mandated and private applicator training programs have been widely used to educate applicators about the hazards of pesticides and to encourage use of protective clothing. A review of some of the programs has indicated that after receiving training many farmers show a greater awareness of safety issues and their use of protective gloves increases. Studies of applicators attitudes towards pesticides including risk/benefit perceptions were discussed. These have generally shown that applicators have positive attitudes toward the contributions of pesticides to agricultural production. Many, however, express favorable attitudes toward traditional work clothing, but negative attitudes toward specialized protective clothing. Fruit growers have demonstrated a greater belief in the importance of protection and wear protective clothing more frequently than field crop and livestock growers. Future research needs for modifying the attitudes of applicators toward pesticides and protective clothing use were considered.
NIOSH-Cooperative-Agreement; Agricultural-chemicals; Protective-clothing; Agricultural-workers; Worker-motivation; Occupational-hazards; Group-behavior; Safety-education; Work-practices;
Protective Clothing Systems and Materials
University of California - Davis