The major purposes of the conference were to gather new data concerning occupational cancer risks among women, to clarify methodological problems for occupational research on women, to identify data resources which will be helpful in investigating risk factors, to define research needs, and to stimulate further study on occupational determinants of cancer among women. New studies presented included work among benzene (71432) exposed workers in China, cable manufacturing facility workers during World War II, chrysotile (12001295) textile workers, dry cleaning workers exposed to perchloroethylene (127184) and Stoddard solvent (8052413), and waiters and waitresses in Norway. Methodological issues discussed included difficulties in detecting and interpreting occupational associations with cancer risk among women, evaluating and quantifying workplace exposures, the small number of female workers usually available for study, and the difficulties in determining the current vital status of women who worked decades ago. Data resources included the NCI, NIOSH, and the National Center for Health Statistics along with the National Occupational Mortality Surveillance system. The authors suggest that prospective cohort studies be considered with periodic detailed exposure assessment for certain occupational groups. Improving data resources was considered to facilitate the study of occupational risks of women by including information on previous surnames and tobacco use and more extensive information on occupation.