Statistical description of agricultural injuries in the U.S.
Cohen-ML; Moll-MB; Maley-PW; Linn-HI
Principles of health and safety in agriculture. Dosman JA, Cockcroft DW, eds., Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, Inc., 1989 Oct; :311-315
The extent of injuries to agricultural workers in the US from 1977 to 1990 was described. Data were taken from the US Department of Census, Census of Agriculture and the US Bureau of Labor Statistics. Data from 1986 to 1990 were projections based on a least squares linear regression analysis of injury rates from 1977 to 1985. There was a 9% decrease in the number of farms employing hired labor and a 12% decrease in the number of hired agricultural workers between 1978 and 1982. Injury rates increased despite a small decrease in the number of agricultural workers. Male agricultural workers from 15 to 30 years of age who have been on the job less than 6 months were most often injured. Typical injuries were sprains or strains and cuts or lacerations involving the extremities and the likely source of injuries were work surfaces, livestock, and hand tools. The percentage of injured workers in livestock production was evenly distributed throughout the year while there was a greater percentage of injured workers in the agricultural services and crop production industries during the summer and fall. Laborers suffered 60 to 70% of the injuries due to a higher percentage in the agricultural work force. The hands, arms, legs, and feet accounted for nearly 50% of all injuries and the back accounted for 15 to 20% of injuries. The authors conclude that the types and sources of injuries were predictable and therefore should be easily prevented.
Humans; Agricultural-workers; Accident-rates; Farmers; Agricultural-industry; Epidemiology; Accident-statistics; Risk-analysis; Occupational-accidents; Morbidity-rates; Traumatic-injuries
Book or book chapter
Principles of health and safety in agriculture