Epidemiology of pesticide-related skin disease in California agriculture: 1978-1983.
O'Malley-MA; Mathias-CG; Coye-MJ
Principles of health and safety in agriculture. Dosman JA, Cockcroft DW, eds., Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, Inc., 1989 Oct; :301-304
Skin disease associated with chemical exposure in California agriculture was evaluated in a 5 year study from 1978 to 1983. The US Bureau of Statistics Supplementary Data System and the Pesticide Illness Surveillance Program were used to obtain the data used in the study. The mean rate of pesticide associated skin disease was 2.4 to 5.5 cases per 10,000 California agricultural workers. Ten of 24 Standard Industrial Classification groups did not have a single case of skin disease associated with pesticide exposure. There was significant agreement between the data on pesticide related skin disease and pesticide related systemic poisoning. There was no agreement between groups at high risk for plant related skin disease and skin disease associated with agricultural chemicals. There were more than 140 active pesticide ingredients associated with cases of skin disease, and eight ingredients accounted for 51.5% of the cases. Propargite (2312358) and sulfur (7704349) were the most common pesticides. Occupation was significantly associated with dermatitis caused by certain pesticides. Nursery workers were at the highest risk of disabling pesticide associated skin disease. The specificity of the study results was limited by the quality of the case documentation. There may also be an under reporting of pesticide associated diseases.
Humans; Epidemiology; Skin-exposure; Occupational-exposure; Skin-diseases; Medical-surveys; Agricultural-chemicals; Agricultural-workers
Book or book chapter
Principles of health and safety in agriculture