Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-93-0771-2437, Alaskan AIDS Assistance Association, Anchorage, Alaska.
NIOSH 1994 Jul; :1-25
In response to a request from management at the Alaskan AIDS Assistance Association (SIC-8361), Anchorage, Alaska, an evaluation was conducted of the potential for Mycobacterium-tuberculosis transmission in a residential facility. Two duplexes were being renovated to provide housing for homeless human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected persons. A walk through survey was conducted of one of the two duplexes. Architectural drawings and patient acceptance criteria were also reviewed. A room was selected for use in separating a suspected infectious individual from other residents, temporarily. Although the facility has a written protocol for acceptance of clients, it did not have a written tuberculosis control program covering the early identification of infected workers, including volunteers. The facility did not have a personal respiratory protection program. The authors conclude that a hazard exists for workers who will be exposed to individuals with infectious tuberculosis in the facility, due to deficiencies in the ventilation system and the lack of appropriate respiratory protection. The author recommend that administrative and engineering controls, as well as the use of appropriate respiratory protection, be used to reduce the risk of M-tuberculosis transmission in the facility, as well as during the transport of potentially infectious individuals.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-93-0771-2437; Region-10; Hazard-Confirmed; Health-care-personnel; Bacterial-infections; AIDS-virus; Infection-control; Infectious-diseases; Respiratory-protective-equipment; Viral-infections
Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance; Field Studies
NTIS Accession No.
Hazard Evaluations and Technical Assistance Branch, NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Cincinnati, Ohio, Report No. HETA-93-0771-2437, 25 pages, 32 references