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Byssinosis and other diseases of textile workers.
Environmental and occupational medicine, second edition. Rom WN, ed. Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company, 1992 Jan; :359-365
Byssinosis and other pulmonary diseases common to the textile industry were reviewed. Pulmonary symptoms have been reported approximately 3 to 4 hours following the inhalation of cotton textile dust by many workers. These symptoms have frequently been accompanied by increases in leukocyte counts and decreased pulmonary function. A major epidemiological study conducted in the 1970s indicated a linear dose response relationship between exposure to respirable cotton dust and the prevalence of symptoms of byssinosis during work. A similar linear dose response was found for exposure and decreases in lung function. Another study reported increases in chronic cough, dyspnea, wheezing, greater losses of pulmonary function, and increased premature retirement among workers in a cotton textile mill compared with unexposed referents. Pathologic findings in the lungs of chronically exposed cotton workers have been reported to be identical with those seen in chronic bronchitis patients. Discussions of governmental regulations for the control of cotton dust exposures, preventative measures, and the future of cotton as a fiber and food crop were presented.
NIOSH-Grant; Training; Textile-workers; Textiles-industry; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Occupational-exposure; Cotton-dust; Dose-response; Cotton-industry; Cotton-mill-workers
Community Medicine MT Sinai School of Medicine Fifth Avenue and 100Th Street New York, N Y 10029
Environmental and occupational medicine, second edition
Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division