Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 94-117, 1994 Jun; :1-2
More children work in America than in any other affluent nation. In 1992, a reported 64,100 adolescents, aged 14 to 17, were treated in emergency departments for workplace injuries. In a separate study of workplace death, NIOSH found that 670 children aged 16 to 17 died at work between 1980 and 1989. Previous studies undertaken by NIOSH indicate that 41% of occupational injury deaths of youth occurred while the child was performing work prohibited by child labor laws, emphasizing the need for a collaborative effort to protect the safety of working youth. Largely, this can be accomplished through informing young people, parents, teachers, school boards, physicians, and the business community about child labor laws and the risks of injury in the workplace. According to current data, the leading cause of occupational injury death were motor vehicle related, machine related, electrocution, homicide, and falls with most of these deaths occurring in the agriculture/forestry/fishing, construction, services, retail trade and manufacturing industries. Prevalence of work related injuries treated in the emergency room indicate laceration was the most common type of injury comprising 34% of the total studied; 71% of all injuries took place in eating and drinking establishments.