Prevalence of chronic diseases and impairments among US farmers, 1986-1990.
Brackbill-RM; Cameron-LL; Behrens-V
Am J Epidemiol 1994 Jun; 139(11):1055-1066
Data from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) were used to obtain national prevalence estimates of the prevalence of chronic diseases and impairments among farmers and to compare those rates with the rates for other currently employed workers in the United States. From 1986 through 1990 the NHIS collected data on 2,681 white male farmers from a total sample of 113,377 currently employed white men. The farmers were 5.6 years older than other currently employed respondents. Approximately 5% more farmers, 13.3%, reported the conditions selected for this study than did other currently employed respondents, 7.8%. Farmers had a rate of amputations 3.5 times higher than all other currently employed respondents. The age adjusted prevalence risk ratio for arthritis among farmers, 1.4, was statistically significant after adjustment for age. Farmers aged 35 to 49 reported a two fold excess of arthritis. Farmers also had a statistically significant prevalence risk ratio for cardiovascular diseases and hypertension. The crude prevalence risk ratio of 1.7 for hearing loss was statistically significant, but not after adjusting for age. The prevalence of skin cancer was three times greater among farmers than among other currently employed respondents, but the age adjusted prevalence risk ratio did not remain statistically significant.
NIOSH-Author; Risk-factors; Accident-rates; Cardiovascular-system-disorders; Agricultural-workers; Epidemiology; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Traumatic-injuries; Skin-cancer; Hearing-loss;
Author Keywords: agriculture; chronic disease; prevalence
Dr. Lorraine L Cameron, Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations and Field Studies, National Institute tor Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Mailstop R-18, Cincinnati, OH 45226
American Journal of Epidemiology