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Carpenter dies after falling 10 feet from a step ladder/porch floor - South Carolina, March 23, 1994.
Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, FACE 94-12, 1994 Jun; :1-5
This report concerned the death of a 37 year old male carpenter who fell 10 feet, striking his head on a concrete block retaining wall. The employer was a house framing contractor that had been in business for 19 years, employing five workers, three of whom were carpenters. There was a written safety program, but the program was incomplete regarding specific guardrail requirements. The victim had been employed for 2 days prior to the accident. On the day of the accident, workers proceeded to different parts of the house to clean up. The victim was last observed standing part way up an 8 foot high fiberglass step ladder on a second floor porch. The ladder was positioned with the ladder steps facing toward the open side of the porch, about 1 foot from its edge. He was using the ladder to access the porch ceiling rafters, affixing pieces of wood to the rafters in preparation for hanging sheetrock. The victim either fell from the ladder or fell getting off the ladder, and struck his head on the retaining wall. He was found unconscious but breathing. Two days later, he was pronounced brain dead, and he died after life support was discontinued. The cause of death was listed as subdural hemorrhage. Recommendations included providing adequate guarding for open sided floors, platforms, and runways; reviewing and revising existing safety programs; conducting scheduled and unscheduled worksite inspections; and encouraging workers to actively participate in workplace safety.
NIOSH-Author; Region-3; FACE-94-12; Head-injuries; Accident-analysis; Construction-workers; Traumatic-injuries; Ladders; Construction-Search
Field Studies; Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: May 5, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division