A study was conducted on a possible relationship between different types of fishing and numbers of fishing deaths in the commercial fishing industry in Alaska. Fatalities that occurred in the fishing industry between 1980 and 1988 were classified in one of the five major types of fisheries in Alaska, namely salmon, shellfish, herring, halibut, and groundfish. The type of fishery involved was established for 74% of the 278 fatalities identified. The mean annual fishery fatality rate during this period was determined to be 300 per 100,000 workers. Markedly higher fatality rates were seen for shellfish and groundfish fisheries compared with halibut, salmon, and herring fisheries. A report describing risk factors associated with the high fatality rates seen in the Alaska commercial fishing industry was cited.