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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-93-0351-2413, Goodwill Industries of America, Inc., Bethesda, Maryland.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 93-0351-2413, 1994 Apr; :1-29
In response to an employee request, a health hazard evaluation was conducted at the Goodwill Industries of America (SIC-8399), Bethesda, Maryland concerning indoor environmental quality issues. Concern had been expressed over potential exposures to print shop solvents, second hand smoke, and water damaged carpeting in the office areas. The facility had about 70 employees. Seven recirculating heating, ventilating, and air conditioning package units with heat pumps serviced the building. At the time of the site visit, the ventilation equipment seemed to be in good condition, but was being operated on an automatic mode, which allowed no supply air delivery once the temperature setpoints were satisfied. Potential contaminants in the recirculating air included chemicals from the print shop and environmental tobacco smoke. Some evidence of water damage was noted. All measurements taken for organic solvents were below the allowable limits. Of 70 questionnaires distributed, 81% were returned and analyzed. Thermal comfort, lack of air movement and smoke odors were among the most commonly reported concerns. Pain or stiffness in the back, shoulders, or neck; stuffy nose or sinus congestion; dry, itching, or irritated eyes; and tired or strained eyes were the most common symptoms reported. The author concludes that environmental tobacco smoke was a health hazard in this building. There was a potential for tobacco smoke and print shop chemicals to enter the recirculating ventilation system. The author recommends that measures be taken to reduce exposures to environmental tobacco smoke and print shop solvents.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-93-0351-2413; Hazard-Confirmed; Region-3; Indoor-air-pollution; Tobacco-smoke; Occupational-exposure; Respiratory-system-disorders; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Solvent-vapors; Ventilation-systems; Indoor-environmental-quality; Author Keywords: Social Services, Not Elsewhere Classified; indoor environmental quality; IEQ; environmental tobacco smoke; ETS; carbon dioxide; temperature; relative humidity; organic solvents; trichloroethane; perchloroethylene; toluene; print shop
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
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National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
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Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division