Adolescent occupational injuries requiring hospital emergency department treatment: a nationally representative sample.
Layne-LA; Castillo-DN; Stout-N; Cutlip-P
Am J Publ Health 1994 Apr; 84(4):657-660
Data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System were used to examine nonfatal occupational injuries in youths aged 14 to 17 years during the last 6 months of 1992. The System contained data on product related injuries collected from a sample of 91 hospital emergency departments. Based on the 679 occupational injuries reported, there were an estimated 37,405 injuries to adolescents in the US during the period. Calculated per 100 full time employees, 7.0% of males were injured compared to 4.4% of women, with males accounting for 65.8% of total injuries. The most common type of injury were lacerations, and the most common area of injury was the hand or finger. The greatest percentage of injuries occurred in the retail trade industry, followed by the service industry and the agricultural industry. Over 70% of the injuries in the retail trade industry occurred in eating and drinking establishments. Lacerations accounted for 39.0% and burns for 17.7% of the injuries in retail trade. In the service industry, almost two thirds of injuries were in health services, amusement and recreation, and educational services. Being caught in machinery or equipment accounted for one fifth of agricultural injuries. Fractures and dislocations were more prevalent in agriculture than in other industries.
NIOSH-Author; Occupational-accidents; Traumatic-injuries; Occupational-hazards; Age-factors; Accident-statistics; Sex-factors; Agricultural-workers; Retail-workers;
Larry A. Layne, MA, Division of Safety Research, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 944 Chestnut Ridge Rd, Morgantown, WV 26505.
American Journal of Public Health